The Navajo textile in its design, materials, and purpose is like a mirror reflecting not only the weaver, but her whole people, in a specific time and place in their history.However it is not for this reason alone that the Navajo weaving now and throughout history has been perhaps the most valued and sought after textile product of the American Southwest.This special gift served as a prototype and the Diné were shown how those three elements, the source of life, had provided for them the materials from which they could create their own looms.
For the Navajo, weaving began when Spider Boy brought the first loom to the Navajo, creating its frame from the power of the sun, the lashing cords of lightning and the warp strings of rain.
Evidence of Anasazi in Monument Valley is still visible through their sites and ruins dating before 1300 A. It wasn’t until 1581 that the first Spaniards made contact with them. The Long Walk of the Navajos is a prominent history in Navajo life because it officially established Navajoland upon the release of the Navajos from Bosque Redondo, New Mexico where they were incarcerated in January 1864.
From the cultural perspective, Navajos believe they came to their land by emerging through four levels of worlds, to currently reside in the fourth level, the “glittering world”. Navajo were forcefully removed from their land due to continued conflict with settlers moving on and surrounding their land.
The standard view of archeologists and anthropologists suggests that when the Spanish arrived from the south in the 1540s, the Navajo were in the process of migrating into the region from the north.
An Athapascan people, they had come from the area around what is now the Canadian border, gradually moving south over a period of hundreds of years.